A Beginners Guide to Screen Printing
Posted On May 4, 2020
There is a small range of creative events that are as enjoyable and demanding as screen printing / silk processing around today. Screen printing includes an aluminum or wooden frame sealed screen, a screen printing device, a stencil and inks to print your picture into your preferred format. You may want to check out Identity Graphx for more. Many screen printing systems cost thousands of dollars for multi-arm presses and all the chemicals and inks needed, but there are still many options to screen print from home on the cheap.
When it comes to screen printing, a couple of simple materials are required to start printing. Next, the windows are in there. A film consists of a grid of cloth laid out on a frame of wood or aluminum, so the closer the grid is spread, the more the images will appear on the display. You may require a stencil made of film positive or translucent content, such as the transparencies used on school projectors, an emulsion fluid bottle, and a sensitizer fluid jar, to burn the picture for printing onto the screen. Next up you’ll need a sheet of glass that works within the frame to cover the lens, a strip of dark fabric (preferably black since you intend to hide the light), and a 250 watt picture bulb lamp. Boots, a range of water such as a garden hose and a spray nozzle or drain, boots, an art squeegee and the real screen printing ink are all that’s left to enable you to design your own custom clothing.
Today, when it comes to the stencils, there’s a big contrast between what might be a brilliant design and what, when written, might be a bad design. Objects with wide contrast regions, such as vector pictures, display up very good when written, such as patterns with tons of detail all over the place find things more challenging to print. Note also that the more complicated the picture, the more vibrant it is, the more costly and the more challenging it is to print the photo.
And if you’ve designed the template, it’s just down to just printing out the screen. First thing you’ll want to do is make sure the panel is fitted to the frame in a safe manner. If you purchased a pre-made computer, and this is your first use of it, you shouldn’t have any problems with it. When you are something of a DIY individual and have made your own computer, make sure that the device is firmly spread and strongly fastened to the frame. Print your template and you can create your stencil. Burning the stencil to the computer now is appropriate. You would want to blend the emulsion and the sensitizer together, and then add the mixture in a dark space to both sides of the device, because the emulsion is highly sensitive to light. Grab your painting squeegee and balance out the emulsion and it’s uniformly spread. Leave the sealed emulsion film in a dark space or box for around 2 hours, and the emulsion will cure without hardening (making the glass even easier to clean out). Position the film on a dark / black cloth until the emulsion has settled on the panel and then put the stencil on the frame and the glass on top of the mirror. What you want to do now is expose your 250 watt photo bulb light source to just one side of the screen, which will allow the emulsion to dry in about fifteen to twenty minutes. If the emulsion has dried effectively clean the glass / stencil and rinse off the emulsion using the source of water. After the screen has been enabled to clear, you are ready to continue using it for printing. It’s highly recommended to use a screen printing press, which you can build yourself if you’re more inclined to DIY, or buy a single press at a local arts store like Michaels for cheap. Secure the screen to the press or can the screen on whatever device you choose to print if you don’t have a computer. Pour a decent quantity of ink onto the screen, then use your squeegee to spread the ink uniformly across the panel when adding strong pressure. Perhaps first you’ll see places you skipped and you’ll need to reapply some ink, but don’t panic-experience makes the screen printing game better and soon you’ll discover a decent way to spread the inks.